The Nag Hammadi Library, an accumulation of thirteen ancient books (called „codices”) containing over fifty texts, had been found in top Egypt in 1945. This important development includes|discovery th a multitude of primary „Gnostic Gospels” – texts once considered to have now been totally damaged throughout the early Christian find it difficult to determine „orthodoxy” – scriptures such as for example the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Philip, therefore the Gospel of Truth. The breakthrough and interpretation associated with the Nag Hammadi collection, initially finished in the 1970’s, has supplied impetus to an important re-evaluation of very early Christian history and the type of Gnosticism.
For the introduction towards the Nag Hammadi breakthrough additionally the texts in this library that is ancient we provide a few resources. First, read an excerpt from Elaine Pagels’ exemplary introduction that is popular the Nag Hammadi texts, The Gnostic Gospels. Then, for a synopsis for the Gnostic scriptures and a conversation of ancient Gnosis, check this out excerpt from Dr. Marvin Meyer’s introduction towards the Gnostic Bible. For another brief basic overview, we provide an Introduction to Gnosticism plus the Nag Hammadi Library by Lance Owens.
The Gnostic Society Library Bookstore provides a selection of the foremost books on the Nag Hammadi library and Gnostic tradition for further reading.
Texts within the Collection:
All of the texts discovered at Nag Hammadi can be found in the Gnostic Society Library; the collection is indexed in alphabetical order, and also by location within the codices that are original. An interest classified variety of the writings can be given just below. You may possibly search the collection that is entire of for key words or expressions utilizing our customized Nag Hammadi Research function.
We’ve special collections of resources coping with two specially crucial texts, the Gospel of Thomas, and also The Secret guide (Apocryphon) of John. Several lectures that are introductory the Nag Hammadi materials are offered, below.
For several associated with the major writings in the Nag Hammadi collection one or more interpretation is supplied inside our collection; where multiple translations are created available, we now have detailed the translators’ names in parenthesis underneath the title associated with the scripture. A majority of these translations depend on the work initially sponsored by the Coptic Gnostic Library Project of this Institute for Antiquity and Christianity, Claremont, Ca.
A few prominent scholars have actually provided us authorization to provide their initial translations of Nag Hammadi texts right here into the Gnostic Society Library. We have been specific indebted to your support and contributions of Dr. Willis Barnstone, Dr. John Turner, Dr. Stevan Davies, and also the belated Dr. Marvin Meyer. Copyright info is offered aided by the translations that are various the collection; contributors for this collection retain all copyright for their works.
The Global Edition associated write my essay with Nag Hammadi Scriptures (published in 2007, modified by Marvin Meyer) provides translations that are authoritative every one of the Nag Hammadi texts, along side introductions and records regarding the translations. We additionally strongly recommend The Gnostic Bible, modified by Willis Barnstone and Marvin Meyer; this volume that is comprehensive exceptional introductory material and offers stunning translations for the most crucial Nag Hammadi scriptures. In preview, we offer an excerpt from Dr. Marvin Meyer’s introduction into the Gnostic Bible.
Other essential main texts that are gnostic ancient writings discovered when you look at the century before the recovery regarding the Nag Hammadi Library, including texts just like the Gospel of Mary – are cataloged into the Classical Gnostic Scriptures portion of the The Gnostic Society Library. Numerous scriptures into the Nag Hammadi collection had been impact by Valentinus (c. 100–160 AD) along with his tradition of Gnosis. As a result of their value, we now have a section that is large of collection committed particularly to Valentinus as well as the Valentinian Tradition.
Themselves, digital images of the original Nag Hammadi Codices are available online at the Claremont Colleges Digital Library if you would like to see the ancient manuscripts.
A Summary associated with Nag Hammadi Scriptures
When analyzed in accordance with subject material, you can find approximately six separate major kinds of writings gathered within the Nag Hammadi codices:
Writings of innovative and mythology that is redemptive including Gnostic alternate variations of creation and salvation: The Apocryphon of John; The Hypostasis regarding the Archons; in the Origin around the globe; The Apocalypse of Adam; The Paraphrase of Shem. (for the in-depth conversation among these, start to see the Archive commentary on Genesis and Gnosis.)
Findings and commentaries on diverse Gnostic themes, for instance the nature of truth, the character regarding the heart, the connection associated with heart into the globe: The Gospel of Truth; The Treatise in the Resurrection; The Tripartite Tractate; Eugnostos the Blessed; the Treatise that is second of Great Seth; The Teachings of Silvanus; The Testimony of Truth.
Liturgical and initiatory texts: The Discourse in the Eighth and Ninth; The Prayer of Thanksgiving; A Valentinian Exposition; The Three Steles of Seth; The Prayer of this Apostle Paul. (The Gospel of Philip, detailed beneath the sixth category below, has great relevance here additionally, because of it is with in impact a treatise on Gnostic sacramental theology).
Writings working primarily aided by the feminine deific and principle that is spiritual specially using the Divine Sophia: The Thunder, Ideal Mind; the idea of Norea; The Sophia of Jesus Christ; The Exegesis regarding the Soul.
Scriptures that have sayings of Jesus in addition to information of incidents inside the life: The Dialogue for the Saviour; The written Book of Thomas the Contender; The Apocryphon of James; The Gospel of Philip; The Gospel of Thomas.
This renders a little wide range of scriptures regarding the Nag Hammadi Library which can be called „unclassifiable.” It should be taken into account that the passing of some time interpretation into languages completely different through the initial have actually rendered a number of these scriptures abstruse however you like. Many of them are hard reading, specifically for those visitors not really acquainted with Gnostic imagery, nomenclature and so on. Lacunae will also be contained in many of these scriptures – in a couple of associated with the texts sections that are extensive been lost as a result of age and deterioration of this manuscripts.
The absolute most easily comprehensible regarding the Nag Hammadi scriptures is without question The Gospel of Thomas, using the Gospel of Philip in addition to The Gospel of Truth as near moments in an effort of simple comprehension. (Fortunately, these texts had been all perfectly preserved and have now few lacunae.) These day there are several posted editions and translations of all among these scriptures available; the standard edition that is complete the The Nag Hammadi Scriptures, modified by Marvin Meyer, posted in 2007.
Audio Lectures concerning the Nag Hammadi Scriptures
The Library has collected a series of introductory lectures and commentaries by Dr. Stephan Hoeller on Nag Hammadi texts; these are all in mp3 format to help place the Nag Hammadi materials into a better focus. (There are a more substantial catalog of lectures by Dr. Stephan Hoeller launching Gnosticism and the Nag Hammadi Library offered at BC Recordings.)
Christ: The Misunderstood Redeemer – a knowledge of this Gnostic perception of Christ is imperative to any significant reading of texts into the Nag Hammadi collection. In this lecture Dr. Stephan Hoeller utilizes a number of the works into the Nag Hammadi Library to introduce the Gnostic Christ. (MP3 structure, 75 min.)
Gnosticism: New Light from the Ancient Tradition of Inner Knowing, a quick basic lecture on the sourced elements of Gnostic tradition (hosted at BC Recordings).
Thomas and Philip: Gospels associated with Gnostic Christ, talking about Gnostic soteriology as revealed in these major Nag Hammadi texts; a presentation presenting the ten component pair of lectures regarding the most widely used and valued writings through the Nag Hammadi Library (hosted at BC Recordings).
Redemption and Redeemer into the Gospel of Thomas – The Gospel of Thomas the most crucial Gnostic texts discovered at Nag Hammadi. In this lecture, Dr. Hoeller explores the „soteriology” – the idea of a redeemer plus the means of redemption – as developed into the text associated with Thomas Gospel. (MP3 structure, 75 min.)
The Sorrow of Sophia: Feminine Divine Image of suffering gnosticism that is a unique knowledge of the feminine aspects within divinity. In this lecture Dr. Hoeller explores the Gnostic image regarding the suffering and also the alienation of this divine feminine, using as his text a reading from The Exegesis in the Soul (NHL II,6). (MP3 structure, 80 min.)